Obesity has become one of the most challenging diseases that people struggle to be cured from. Diet and exercise are the first treatment options; however, they fail to provide measurable outcomes among moderately and severely obese people. Numerous studies exposed that bariatric surgery & weight-loss surgery, is the appropriate procedure to help those people lose weight and improve their health score.
In fact, bariatric surgery is a life-changing technique by which candidate people have a higher quality of life. Usually, obese people develop serious conditions by time since moderate-severe obesity is a risk factor for different diseases that include but not limited to: cardiovascular disease, hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, arthritis, breathing problems, and infertility. In contrast to bariatric surgery, people going under this surgical procedure experience a great improvement in their health status. In addition to its guaranteed weight loss, it lowers high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Gradually, it eliminates the breathing problems, stops the disease progression, and reduces risks of developing new serious conditions.
|18-24.9||Normal body weight|
|30-34.9||Moderate Obesity class 1|
|35-39.9||Moderate Obesity class 2|
|40 and up||Severe obesity|
Adjustable gastric band, sleeve , and gastric bypass are the types of bariatric surgery promising to reduce approximately 30-35%, 35-40%, and 40-45% of the total body weight respectively.
The basic principle is to reduce portions of food consumed; thus, a reduction in total calorie intake occurs. Evidence showed that gastric bypass is the only cure for type 2 diabetes; diabetic obese people who go under this surgery tend to discontinue their medication over time. The common complications of bariatric surgery are manageable; bariatric surgery is safe and life saving for candidates.